Improving academic performance with a simple psychological intervention

Stereotype threat is a factor not only for some ethnic groups, but for women in certain areas (e.g., math, engineering), and also for older adults. Interventions that help reduce stereotype threat are also potentially helpful for those who suffer from test anxiety, or math anxiety.

Dave Nussbaum talks in the Scientific American about research he’s been involved in, showing how a small intervention aimed at reducing stereotype threat had significant long-lasting benefits for Latino American middle school students.

... In both schools, the intervention improved core course grades (Science, Social Studies, English, and Math) among Latino American students by the end of the school year by an average of roughly 0.3 points (on a 4.33 scale), reducing the achievement gap by 20-30% (the intervention had no effect on the White students’ grades). The intervention also sharply reduced the downward performance trajectory. Moreover, students in one school were followed for two years after the intervention had been completed and its effect on their grades persisted, even as some students made the difficult transition from middle school to high school. …

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